Before beginning this lesson, download the Alphabet Chart if you haven’t already done so (click HERE).
Exercise 1: cover the left-most column on the Alphabet Chart and read the Greek letters forward and backward, 10 times. Make sure you’re looking at each letter as you recite. It is especially useful to touch each letter as you recite it. Do this for both the small and the capital letters. Test yourself. If you are unable to recall any of the letters without looking in the left-most column, keep repeating this exercise until you can.
Exercise 2: cover the right-most 4 columns (i.e., all columns except the letter names). Now, for each name, write both its capital and small versions. HINT: each time you write a letter, also recite its correct pronunciation.
Exercise 3: try to recite the alphabet, forward and backward, from memory. HINT: memorize 4 letters at a time in this way:
“alpha, beta, gamma, delta”
“alpha, beta, gamma, delta, epsilon, zeta, eta, theta”
“alpha, beta, gamma, delta, epsilon, zeta, eta, theta, iota, kappa, lambda, mu”
“alpha, beta, gamma, delta, epsilon, zeta, eta, theta, iota, kappa, lambda, mu, nu, xi, omicron, pie”
… now backward
omega, psi, chi, phi
omega, psi, chi, phi, upsilon, tau, sigma, rho
omega, psi, chi, phi, upsilon, tau, sigma, rho, pie, omicron, xi, nu
omega, psi, chi, phi, upsilon, tau, sigma, rho, pie, omicron, xi, nu, mu, lambda, kappa, iota
In other words, once you memorize the first 4 words, the memorize the next 4 words by reciting the first 4 and the next 4. Continue to the end of the alphabet. Do this for both forward and backward directions.
Exercise 4: The following are English words written using Greek dipthongs. For example, the English word ‘pure’ written with Greek letters would be ‘πευρ’, and the English word ‘fool’ would be ‘φουλ’.
μαικ, βαικ, αὑκ, λαικ, τραικ, δαικ, υιαιτ
φαιν, δαιν, γρινδ, μαινδ, βαινδ, λαιξ
παυ, αυτ, αυρ, σαυρ, ταυερ, παυερ
ειτ, βειτ, κρειτ, δειτ, δειτεδ, φειτ,
βοιλ, λοιτερ, ρεκανοιτερ, γοιτερ
φηυλ, πηυρ, ηυρ, φηυδ, ηὑριστικ
Exercise 5: In this exercise, identify all of the dipthongs in the following two Greek Verses HINT: by my count there are 15 dipthongs and I’ve already identified one of them (the bolded text).
Ὡς γέγραπται ἐν τοῖς προφήταις, Ἰδού, ἐγὼ ἀποστέλλω τὸν ἄγγελόν μου πρὸ προσώπου σου, ὃς κατασκευάσει τὴν ὁδόν σου ἔμπροσθέν σου. φωνὴ βοῶντος ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ, Ἑτοιμάσατε τὴν ὁδὸν Κυρίου· εὐθείας ποιεῖτε τὰς τρίβους αὐτοῦ.
Exercise 6: Next count the vowels in the text above (exercise 5). How many are there? What word has the most vowels? How many words have only 1 vowel?
Exercise 7: pronounce the following names. The first line contain names from the Bible. The second are familiar (English) names written in Greek lettersl
Παῦλ, Στέφαν, Μάρία, Βαρνάβᾳς, Μαιχαήλ
Στάν, Ροβερτ, Βεττι, Γιλβερτ, Φρεδ, Γαιλ, Μονικα, Ανθωνι, Ανθονι, Ζωρω, Αβραἁμ
Exercise 8: Arrange the following words in alphabetic order:
Οὐδὲν ἄρα νῦν κατάκριμα τοῖς ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ, μὴ κατὰ σάρκα περιπατοῦσιν, ἀλλὰ κατὰ πνεῦμα.
Exercise 9: Write or type the following English sentences using Greek letters
- A quick brown fox escaped from a zoo.
- He sang a beautiful song.
- A good student stops when told to do so.
- Harry handled Henry while Hank hoped.
- A hoot owl finished hooting when daylight came.
- Let us slide down the slippery slope on Sunday.
- A big black bug bled blue blood in a bucket.
- Rats always follow pied pipers.
- Do you listen to Bach frequently?
- Suzy is friends with Zoey.
- Do you read Mexican text?
- How many stops between here and Zurich?
Exercise 10: More English words written with Greek letters. This exercise introduces 3 new sounds, psy, ψυ, nu or pnu, πνεύ, and sh, σἑ.
ψυχὴικ, πνεύματικ, σἡαυερ